What types of roses are there? #
There are several different types of roses, with different features and likes and dislikes. Here at English Roses we sell Floribunda, Hybrid Tea, Patio, Climbing and Rambling roses. We also offer our roses potted in large 5.5L pots, or bare root from Nov-March. The handy guide below will break down the main differences in the type of roses, so you can choose the best one for you.
How do I choose a rose? #
Overall, the type of rose that you get will still need all the basic care; food, water, a good soil, and space for growing in. The way you prune them varies slightly, but mainly it is to do with the area they are best suited to growing in. Keep reading to find our which rose is best for you.
Features: A version of the modern bush rose. Floribunda roses have flowers in large clusters, usually with cup shaped blooms. These are popular due to their large clusters of blooms and long flowering season.
Planting: Ideally suited to beds and borders, these can also look wonderful in large containers.
Pruning: When pruning, this variety is easy to take care of. Simply prune down in the spring to half their height, remove all dead wood, and that’s the job finished!
Features: Also a version of the modern bush rose. They tend to have larger flowers than a floribunda, in singles or small clusters. Their shapely blooms and long stems mean they are a favourite for cut displays.
Planting: As with the floribunda, hybrid tea roses are also wonderful in beds, borders and containers.
Pruning: Pruning is the same as a floribunda, as they both originated from the bush rose.
Features: Patio Roses are small and compact, and therefore the perfect option for smaller gardens.
Planting: They grow well in containers, or as an edging to a border. Generally robust, these smaller varieties have clusters of small flowers, repeat flower, and are especially attractive to pollinators.
Pruning: These varieties generally benefit from a hard pruning every year.
Features: Climbing Roses are perfect for giving your garden a vertical accent. This variation of rose grows upwards, covering walls and fences, and covering arches, arbours and pergolas. Although slower growing than a rambler, most varieties of climbers repeat flower through the season.
Planting: Make sure your climbing rose has room and support for upward growth. Climbing Roses can make wonderful features in large containers, growing up obelisks and trellises. They also can be planted at the base of arches and pergolas, to be grown up and over for cover, or even at the back of beds and borders.
Training: Train climbers horizontally for maximum flowering, and after three or four years start to remove the old stems (one per year) towards the bottom of the rose. This will promote newer growth lower down, so you get flowers all along the plant and not just at the top.
Pruning: Climbers flower on this year’s new growth. They should be pruned in the spring down to the height you require, plus remove any dead wood. This will promote new growth for this year’s flowers.
Features: A Patio Climber is a smaller version of the climbing rose, best suited for trellises and obelisks than arches and arbours. We have a small selection of patio climbers, and you will find them with our climbing roses – just check the measurements and description to see where it is best suited for.
Features: Rambling roses are more vigorous growers than climbing roses. They produce large clusters of usually small and fragrant flowers, in one big flowering flush in early summer. Many varieties also produce stunning hips in the autumn, which are attractive to wildlife as well as pretty to look at.
Planting: Ideal for covering large walls or pergolas, these can also be grown into trees and hedges to give an attractive effect. As vigorous growers they need strong support, and do best in sunny areas.
Training: When growing up large arches or pergolas, twist the growth around the upright pillars to provide support and have maximum flower coverage.
Pruning: When it comes to pruning, it is important to remember that ramblers flower on the previous years growth, so if the rose is pruned in spring you will remove all the new stems and end up with no flowers. The correct time to prune ramblers is just after flowering, as they will then start to produce new wood for the next years blooms.
Features: Typically the first thing that comes to mind when thinking of roses is the smell, but not all roses have the same scent or strength. Here we have a selection of all the above types of roses, but with the added condition that they smell incredible! A feast for all the senses, these beautiful roses will enhance any garden.
What is a bare root rose? #
‘Bare root’ makes reference to the way the roots are packaged, and is not a specific ‘type’ of rose. Floribundas, hybrid teas, patio, and climbing roses can all arrive bare root. Bare root roses are young dormant rose plants that have short pruned stems and exposed roots without soil. They are lifted from the ground during the winter months after 18 months of growth and soon packaged for delivery. Arriving unpotted without foliage or flowers, they are ready for planting straight away where they will make fast shoot growth in the spring.
What is the difference between bare root roses and potted roses? #
Bare root roses are younger plants in their dormant phase, and are delivered without soil – hence the term ‘bare root’. They have no foliage or flowers, and arrive with short, pruned stems and exposed roots. They are ready for planting in the garden right away, ready to establish their root system in preparation for growing in the spring. We deliver bare root roses November – March*, with pre-order available outside of this time.
* Please note this is an estimate – there is always seasonal variations and is weather dependant. For more information please see our delivery page.
Potted roses however are already established, allowing for year-round planting into either the ground or containers. Arriving potted in large 5.5L containers, and planted in peat-free compost, they can stay in their container until the end of the season.